1836 Gobrecht Dollars by Variety | 1836 Patterns by Variety | Patterns by Date

Obverse of Judd 63       Reverse of Judd 63

JUDD 63 -
Name below Base

Variety equivalents:  Adams-Woodin 48, Pollock 63

Rarity: 3 known

Known examples:
1. PCGS Proof-62 (illustrated above).  H.O. Granberg (the first numismatist to assemble a set of all 1836 Gobrecht dollar patterns, which were displayed at the 1914 ANS exhibit) - Waldo Newcomer - one of two owned by King Farouk (lot 1717) - A.H. Baldwin & Co. (Baldwin purchased both of Farouk's Judd-63 Restrike Gobrecht dollars) - Alfred Ostheimer - Lester Merkin's sale of the Ostheimer collection, 1968 sale (both Breen and Pollock have confused this coin's pedigree by stating that W.G. Baldenhofer was the buyer at the Farouk Sale. Numismatic literature specialist Karl Moulton, however, asserts that this coin did not appear in Stack's 1955 Farish-Baldenhofer Sale and the buyer at the Farouk Sale was the prestigious London firm of A.H. Baldwin & Co. This is the plate coin above numbers 46 and 48 in the book United States Pattern, Trial, and Experimental Pieces by Edgar H. Adams and William H. Woodin [1913]) - unknown intermediaries - Michigan philanthropist - The Lake Michigan Academy (a school for learning disabled children) - Heritage Numismatic Auctions, Inc.'s "Philadelphia 2000" Signature Sale, August 6-7, 2000, Lot 6174, where it was described (in part) as follows:  "This coin's overall appearance has changed somewhat since its use as a plate coin by Adams and Woodin in 1913. The toning spot in the left obverse field is still visible, although much lighter and the reverse has acquired a smoky-gray appearance. The balance of the obverse is brilliant with the exception of a hint of russet coloration around the upper rim. There are scattered grade-defining hairlines on both sides and a moderate hairline that protrudes diagonally into the obverse field from the top of Liberty's foot. The latter is the only pedigree marker that we can see." @ $98,900.00

2. PCGS Proof-63.  Bangs & Co. "Anthon Sale", October 1884, lot 117 - Stack's "Garrett Sale", March 1976, Lot 252 - Bowers and Merena, May 1994.

3. William C. Wilson - F.C.C. Boyd (most likely acting as an agent) - Virgil Brand (February 12, 1919) - Sotheby's "Farouk Collection" 1954, Lot 2020 - A.H. Baldwin & Co. - Major Lenox R. Lohr Collection (not in the Stack's 1956 sale of Lohr's holdings, but believed to have been included in the Lohr patterns purchased by Empire Coin Company, ca. 1961). This is the plate coin in Breen's Proof Encyclopedia (1977) and his Complete Encyclopedia (1988).

Images courtesy of Heritage Numismatic Auctions

"Federal authorities did not...destroy the original Gobrecht dollar obverse with C. GOBRECHT. F. below the base [used in 1836]. Instead, the chief coiner locked the die in his vault, where it remained until the late 1860s. According to noted pattern specialist Saul Teichman, this obverse die was retrieved from the coiner's vault between 1867 and 1878. Mated with the original reverse die with the eagle flying in a starry field, this obverse die produced an undetermined number of Gobrecht dollar restrikes (Judd-58). As the 18 originals that the Mint produced in late 1836 have since been lost, these restrikes constitute the sole representatives of this die marriage available to today's Gobrecht dollar specialists. Needless to say, examples of the Judd-58 Restrike bring hefty sums in today's market, as evidenced by the PR 64 NGC specimen that realized $36,800 as lot 6486 in our September 1999 Long Beach Sale.
During the same period when these restrikes were produced, the Mint appears to have mated the original obverse die with the reverse die used to produce the 1838-1839 Gobrecht dollars. The reverse depicts the eagle flying in a plain field, the stars having been moved to the obverse of the 1838-1839 issues. Again, the Mint produced an unknown number of examples from this die combination on both silver and copper planchets. (The silver strikings of this issue are known alternatively as AW-48, Judd-63 Restrike, and Pollock-63.) All of the Judd-63 specimens have plain edges with the eagle flying level when the coin is rotated around its horizontal axis. The latter is referred to in Gobrecht dollar parlance as Die Alignment III. Since this die pairing was not used to strike any original Gobrecht dollars in either 1836, 1838, and 1839, the examples coined circa 1867-1878 are referred to as 'mules.'
The fact that Judd-63 was produced between 1867 and 1878 is based on research done by Gobrecht dollar specialists Mike Carboneau and Saul Teichman. According to them, all known representatives of the Judd-63 Restrike variety display small areas of die rust in the right obverse field and in the reverse field around the E in UNITED and the AR in DOLLAR. In addition, the reverse die had cracked along the tops of the letters MERIC in AMERICA, and from the left side of the D in UNITED into the field. Both Carboneau and Teichman agree that the areas of rust are indicative of dies that had been stored for several years. The cracks suggest that the reverse die had been used to produce other original and/or restrike Gobrecht dollars prior to its use for Judd-63.
Today, it is believed that only three silver strikings of Judd-63 are extant."

- Excerpted from the description of Lot 6174 in Heritage Numismatic Auctions, Inc.'s "Philadelphia 2000" Signature Sale, August 6-7, 2000 

Sources and/or recommended reading:
"Walter Breen's Complete Encyclopedia of U.S. and Colonial Coins" by Walter Breen