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Obverse of 1788 Vermont Copper - Ryder 28     Reverse of 1788 Vermont Copper - Ryder 28


PCGS No: 563

Rarity: Rare

Variety equivalents:
Breen 728, Bressett 21-U

The obverse die of this variety was also used on:
1788 Ryder 33 

The reverse die of this variety was also used on:
1788 Ryder 25
1788 Ryder 29 
1788 Ryder 31 
1788 Ryder 39 

Breen claims that these are "Always overstruck on counterfeit Irish halfpence of 1781-1782."  Nevertheless, on some coins, details of the undertype are weak.  Notable exceptions include the coin illustrated above.

Images courtesy of Ron Guth

Significant examples:
(illustrated above).  Ex - Dr. Robert Hinckley collection, Lot 2412, sold for $8,625.00

Sources and/or recommended reading:
"Copper Coins of Vermont" by Tony Carlotto

"The Colonial Coins of Vermont" by Hillyer Ryder

"Vermont Copper Coinage" by Kenneth Bressett (Chapter 11 in "Studies on Money in Early America" by Eric P. Newman and Richard C. Doty)

"Walter Breen's Complete Encyclopedia Of U.S. And Colonial Coins" by Walter Breen