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1783 NOVA CONSTELLATIO COPPER - Pointed Rays on Obverse / Small "U.S." on Reverse

Variety equivalents: Crosby 2-B

Notes:
The obverse die of this variety was also used on:
1785 Immune Columbia / Nova Constellatio, Pointed Rays, Extra Star

Early states of the obverse die are unrusted, later numerous rust pits appear in and around LATIO.

This was the only use of the reverse die.

Images courtesy of Early American History Auctions, Inc.

Significant examples:
PCGS MS-62 Brown.  Ex - Ira & Larry Goldberg Coins & Collectibles, Inc.'s "Benson II", February 18-19, 2002, Lot 8, illustrated, where it was described as follows: "1783 Nova Constellation Copper. Pointed rays, small U.S. PCGS graded MS-62 Brown. Light brown in color and well struck, including the center all seeing eye. The fields show scattered red patina, as often found on copper of this period or earlier and some devices are affected. PCGS has only graded 1 coin this high, with just 2 graded higher, both MS-63 brown, making this one likely high in the condition census for the issue.  Under the new Confederation, Gouverneur Morris tried to locate a consistent source for uniform coinage. Silver was scarce in America, so he focused on copper by traveling to England and requesting help from the Birmingham mints. Although lacking authority to act, many believed Morris was ready to contract out the much needed copper coinage, and patterns were prepared by various mints. This is one such pattern issue, designed by George Wyon III, after Benjamin Dudley, and struck at Wyon's Mint in Birmingham. These were coined at 60 or 55 or even 72 to the pound of copper. Many circulated in America for years after issue..."

Recent appearances:
PCGS AU-55.  Ex - Ira & Larry Goldberg Coins & Collectibles, Inc.'s "Pre-Long Beach Sale", September 23 & 24, 2002, Lot 50, illustrated

PCI AU-55.  Ex - Bowers and Merena Galleries "The Robert W. Schwan Collection," October 26-27, 2000, Lot 10, "Breen 1107," not illustrated, sold for $506.00

PCGS AU-53 (illustrated above).  Ex - Early American History Auctions, Inc.'s Mail Bid Sale, October 14, 2000, Lot 982, "120.8 grains"

PCGS AU-50.  Ex - Bowers and Merena Galleries' "The Lake Geneva Sale", June 28-29, 2001, Lot 6, illustrated, "Struck from rusted dies, with raised lumps manifesting themselves among the reverse legends and rays.", sold for $891.25

PCGS AU-50.  Ex - Ira & Larry Goldberg Coins & Collectibles, Inc.'s "Pre-Long Beach Sale", September 23 & 24, 2002, Lot 51, illustrated

PCGS VF-35.  Ex - Bowers and Merena Galleries "The Robert W. Schwan Collection," October 26-27, 2000, Lot 11, "Breen 1107," not illustrated, sold for $276.00

Very Fine.  Ex - Early American History Auctions, Inc.'s Mail Bid Sale, August 25, 2001, Lot 1364

Sources and/or recommended reading: