1788 NEW JERSEY COPPER -
(now known as Maris 77-dd Type III)
Variety equivalents: Breen 953
The obverse die of this variety comes in three distinct die states:
Type I - 1788 Maris 77-dd. This
has a perfect obverse, with no crack running through the horse's head.
Type II - formerly known as 1788 Maris 77½-dd.
This type shows a raised scar
going through the horse head from about one-third of the way down the
horse's mane through the scroll under the horse head just left of
center. On high grade examples, the scar appears to be a row of
denticles, possibly caused by contact with another die. The
reverse die shows no breaks.
Type III - formerly known as 1788 Maris 78-dd.
This type has both the scar and a straight, diagonal line that runs from 9:00 to
12:00, just skimming the horse's mane. The reverse die shows a
crack along the left side of the shield.
Images courtesy of Clem
PCGS VF-20. Ex - Early American History Auctions, Inc.'s
Mail Bid Sale, August 25, 2001, Lot 1419, where it was described as
follows: "1788 NJ Copper, "Running Fox," Maris 78-dd,
PCGS graded VF-20. Dark, olive-brown, with a light,
uniform porosity on both sides. However, to its credit, this piece has a
clear date and the running "fox" on the reverse is crisp and
bold. This example shows the heavy die breaks on both the front and back
that show it to be a later state of 77-dd."
- Early American History Auctions, Inc.'s Mail Bid Sale, April 22, 2000, Lot
"Choice Fine or better. 135.3 grains."
"Walter Breen's Complete
Encyclopedia Of U.S. And Colonial Coins" by Walter Breen