1787 NEW JERSEY COPPER -
Rarity: Very Common
Variety equivalents: Breen 955
This variety derived its name because of the horse's oversized
nose. Early states of this variety show a perfect reverse.
Later states of the reverse show light cracks running from the rim just
below the E to the shield and another above the first U of PLURIBUS from
the rim to the upper left tip of the shield. Many of this variety
were struck over Connecticut Coppers, Vermont Coppers (including a 1788
Ryder 16), and English Halfpennies.
This was the only use of the
The reverse die of this
variety was also used on:
1787 Maris 57-n
1787 Maris 58-n
Images courtesy of Early
American History Auctions
PCGS EF-45 (illustrated above). EAHA
04/2001:1073, where it was described as
follows: "1787 NJ Copper, Camel Head, Maris 56-n, PCGS graded
Extremely Fine-45. A pleasing, glossy example of this
distinctive variety that appears to have traces of faded mint red in
some of the recessed areas. As often seen, the strike has shifted
towards the left on both sides, now appearing about 5 percent
off-center. The choice surfaces make this an above-average example and
worth a premium."
PCGS EF-45 (see below).
PCGS VF-35. Superior Stamp
& Coin's "The ANA 2000 National Money Show Auction", March
2-3, 2000, Lot 25
VF-30, struck on a 1787 Machin's
Mills halfpenny. Ex –
American Numismatic Rarities, LLC’s “The Classics Sale,”
July 25, 2003
58, "Maris 56-n, Rarity-1, Vlack 19-87C, 125.1 grains", illustrated,
"Very Fine". Early American History Auctions, Inc.'s
Mail Bid Sale, August 25, 2001, Lot 1412, where it was described as
follows: "1787 NJ Copper, "Camel Head," Maris 56-n, Very
Fine. Struck over a Connecticut Copper (as are many of this variety), with
an arm extending from the back of the horse's head. Medium brown in color with
some scattered patches of black patina in the protected areas on the obverse.
Slightly "dry" in appearance, but still quite attractive and the CT
undertype makes this a desirable piece."
Ex - McCawley & Grellman's
"C-4 Sale", November 2001, Lot 304. Overstruck on a Ryder 16
1788 Vermont Copper.
"Walter Breen's Complete
Encyclopedia Of U.S. And Colonial Coins" by Walter Breen