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Obverse of 1787 New Jersey Copper - Maris 56-n     Reverse of 1787 New Jersey Copper - Maris 56-n

  
1787 NEW JERSEY COPPER -
MARIS 56-n

Rarity: Very Common

Variety equivalents: Breen 955

Notes:
This variety derived its name because of the horse's oversized nose.  Early states of this variety show a perfect reverse.  Later states of the reverse show light cracks running from the rim just below the E to the shield and another above the first U of PLURIBUS from the rim to the upper left tip of the shield.  Many of this variety were struck over Connecticut Coppers, Vermont Coppers (including a 1788 Ryder 16), and English Halfpennies.

This was the only use of the obverse die.

The reverse die of this variety was also used on:
1787 Maris 57-n 
1787 Maris 58-n 

Images courtesy of Early American History Auctions

Significant examples:

Recent appearances:
PCGS EF-45 (illustrated above).  EAHA 04/2001:1073, where it was described as follows: "1787 NJ Copper, Camel Head, Maris 56-n, PCGS graded Extremely Fine-45.  A pleasing, glossy example of this distinctive variety that appears to have traces of faded mint red in some of the recessed areas. As often seen, the strike has shifted towards the left on both sides, now appearing about 5 percent off-center. The choice surfaces make this an above-average example and worth a premium."

PCGS EF-45 (see below).

PCGS VF-35.  Superior Stamp & Coin's "The ANA 2000 National Money Show Auction", March 2-3, 2000, Lot 25

"VF-35" (see below).

VF-30, struck on a 1787 Machin's Mills halfpenny.  Ex – American Numismatic Rarities, LLC’s “The Classics Sale,” July 25, 2003 , Lot 58, "Maris 56-n, Rarity-1, Vlack 19-87C, 125.1 grains", illustrated, not sold

"Very Fine".  Early American History Auctions, Inc.'s Mail Bid Sale, August 25, 2001, Lot 1412, where it was described as follows: "1787 NJ Copper, "Camel Head," Maris 56-n, Very Fine.  Struck over a Connecticut Copper (as are many of this variety), with an arm extending from the back of the horse's head. Medium brown in color with some scattered patches of black patina in the protected areas on the obverse. Slightly "dry" in appearance, but still quite attractive and the CT undertype makes this a desirable piece."

Ex - McCawley & Grellman's "C-4 Sale", November 2001, Lot 304.  Overstruck on a Ryder 16 1788 Vermont Copper.

Sources and/or recommended reading:
"Walter Breen's Complete Encyclopedia Of U.S. And Colonial Coins" by Walter Breen

 

  
    

Images courtesy of Superior Stamp & Coin

PCGS EF-45.  Ex - Superior Stamp & Coin's "Pre-Long Beach Sale", February 7-8, 2000, Lot 1497.
  

Obverse of 1787 New Jersey Copper - Maris 56-n     Reverse of 1787 New Jersey Copper - Maris 56-n

Images courtesy of Superior Galleries

"VF-35".  Ex - Auctions by Bowers & Merena, Inc., March 26, 1992, Lot 1569 - Superior Galleries' "Pre-Long Beach Coin Sale", May 27-29, 2001, Lot 1024, plated, where it was described as follows: "1787 New Jersey Maris 56-N Rarity-1 VF35. Overstruck on 1787 Connecticut. Choice glossy medium brown and chocolate. Nearly flawless, a very light rim bruise at PL in PLURIBUS is the only defect, and it does not detract at all. Struck over a 1787 Connecticut, and the undertype date shows at the left top of the New Jersey date. A neat juxtaposition of the two dates. A choice New Jersey copper. Weight 119.3 grains."