Mott Tokens by Variety | Colonial Coins by Type

Obverse of Mott Token Overstrike?     Reverse of Mott Token Overstrike?

1789 MOTT TOKEN - 

Rarity: Unique

Images courtesy of Ron Guth

The Mott Token illustrated above appeared as Lot 1800 in a Coin Galleries (Stack's) Mail Bid Sale on August 20, 1986.  The reverse has an incuse head of Liberty with portions of the word "ONE" in the middle of her face.  Based on the undertype, this token was promoted as being the "missing link" proving that the Mott Tokens were American issues struck in the 1830's.  However, various experts have denounced this as a forgery.  

Proponents of this token theorized the following striking sequence:
1. Die trial of the reverse of a Large Cent overstruck by
2. Double strike from a die hub of the obverse of a Matron Head Large Cent overstruck by
3. Regular dies of a Mott Token.

This sequence was later revised to include a Hard Times Token as the possible undertype in steps 1 and/or 2.

Opponents of this token cite the following:
1. The implausibility and lack of precedence for this proposed sequence.
2. The weight (196 grains) exceeds that of Large Cents (168 grains) and Hard Times Tokens of the 1830's.
3. The damage and/or flattened area on the obverse of the token indicates that the "undertype" may have been added to a regular Mott Token.

Sources and/or recommended reading:
"1789 Mott Token Likely From 1830s" by Russell Rulau, NUMISMATIC NEWS, July 23, 2002, pages 1 and 40-43

"The Mott Token - The Final Chapter" by William Anton and John Lorenzo