1794 "NO STARS" ONE DOLLAR
DIE TRIAL IN COPPER
Judd 18, Pollock 27, Adams-Woodin 13
Diameter: ± mm
Metal Content: pure copper
Weight: 327.3 grains
Images courtesy of Ira
& Larry Goldberg Coins & Collectibles, Inc.
Known examples (unique):
Ex - J.W. Haseltine - R. Coulton
Davis - Lorin Parmelee collection sale, June 1890, Lott 11, where it was
described as "Good" - G.D. Woodside, April 1982 - William H.
Woodin - Waldo Newcomer - F.C.C. Boyd - Dr. J. Hewitt Judd - Abe Kosoff's
"Illustrated History", 1962, Lot 23 - Sotheby's, December 1973 -
Rarcoa - Bowers & Ruddy's "Getty" sale, May
1977, Lot 1835 @ $15,000.00, where it became "VF" -
Stack's session of Auction '80, August 1980 @ $21,000.00, described there
as "VF" - Auctions by Bowers & Merena, Inc.'s
"Aspen" ANA sale, August 1989, Lot 741 - Ira
& Larry Goldberg Coins & Collectibles, Inc.'s "The Benson Collection" Sale - Part
1, February 18-20, 2001
Images of this coin appear
in the Adams-Woodin, Judd, and Pollock references. Haseltine
mentioned this very coin in his circa 1881 Type Table sale catalog.
Judd thought the obverse of this
trial piece was an uncompleted version of the die used to strike 1794
Silver Dollars for circulation. However, Pollock claims to
have made side-by-side comparisons between this piece and several 1794
Silver Dollar circulation strikes; he found enough differences to conclude
that the obverses were different dies. The U.S. Patterns website
(Saul Teichman?) notes: "It is a different obverse die with minute
differences in date placement, neck length, hair treatment and others.
The reverse of this piece
also appears on 1794 Silver Dollars struck for circulation (1794 Bolender
Compare with the unique 1794
"With Stars" One Dollar Die Trial in Copper (Judd 19) that used both dies from the
Sources and/or recommended reading:
"United States Pattern, Experimental and Trial Pieces" by J.
Hewitt Judd, M.D.
"United States Patterns
And Related Issues" by Andrew W. Pollock III
Website at www.uspatterns.com
e-mail correspondence from
Saul Teichman, December 21, 2000